Geometric designs in jewelry can be traced back to ancient times, with evidence of geometric patterns appearing in Egyptian, Greek, and Roman jewelry. In Ancient Egypt, geometric shapes such as the circle, square, and triangle were used to represent various concepts such as eternity, the four elements, and the three aspects of divinity. Greek and Roman jewelry also featured geometric designs, with motifs such as the meander pattern and the key pattern appearing frequently.
During the Islamic Golden Age, geometric designs became a dominant feature of Islamic art and architecture. Islamic geometric patterns are characterized by their intricate interlocking designs and their use of symmetry and repetition. These designs were used extensively in the decoration of mosques, palaces, and other important buildings, as well as in the creation of jewelry and other decorative objects.
In the 20th century, geometric designs became a popular motif in the Art Deco movement. Art Deco was characterized by its bold, geometric shapes and its use of materials such as platinum, diamonds, and colored gemstones. Art Deco jewelry often featured strong geometric shapes such as triangles, circles, and squares, as well as more abstract shapes such as zigzags and chevrons.